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Neighbours in EU - focus on Wales

Prepared by Danuta Goc³awska from TTC in Radom who took part in the "Neighbours in the EU" Project which involved an ethnographic study trip to Wales. Its aim was to gather some ethnographic materials for the classroom use. For more material on Wales click here.

TASK: Having read the information below come back here to do a quiz on Wales.

 

WALES IN SYMBOLS




CAMBRIA

Roman name for Wales

 

CROESO I CYMRU

Welsh for WELCOME TO WALES

 

CYMRU

Wales in the Welsh language

 

DAFFODIL

Wales' national flower. Consult: (link to  www.data-wales.co.uk)

 

SAINT DAVID ( in Welsh: Sant Dewi, ca. 520–589)

the patron saint of Wales, founder of a monastic community; his probable death date, 1st March, became a national holiday in the 18th century

 

LEEK

a plant adopted as the symbol of Wales; Saint David was rumoured to live on leeks.

the Welsh word for daffodil is similar to the word for leek. Perhaps it was the reason why both of them

are recognised as national symbols.

 

LOVESPOON

a carved spoon made by men to be given to women as a token of love

(Go to: www.lovespoons-wales.co.uk)

 

THE RED DRAGON

a national symbol, part of the Welsh flag since the 15th century

(link to: www.flagspot.net/flags/gb-wales.html)

 

 

FAMOUS PLACES IN WALES




ABERYSTWYTH

a town where a university was founded in  1872; also home of the National Library of Wales since 1907.

 

CAERNARFON

a county town in north-west Wales, a seat of a fortified Norman castle which became the place

of the 1969 investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales

 

CARDIFF

(Welsh: CAERDYDD) – the capital of Wales since 1955

 

HAY-ON-WYE

a bookshop town home of thirty plus bookshops

(Go to: www.hay-on-wye.co.uk/)

 

LLANFAIRPWLLGWYNGYLLGOGERYCHWYRNDROBWILLANTYSILIOGOGOGOCH

the UK's longest place name meaning the Church of Mary in the Hollow of the White Hazel near the Rapid Whirlpool of the Church of Tysilio of the Red Cave

 

 

NATIONAL PARKS

there are three national parks in Wales

            - the Brecon Beacons National Park (south-east Wales)

            - the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park ((south-west Wales)

            - Snowdonia National Park (the north of Wales)

 

PORTMEIRION

an italianate village designed and created by a Welsh architect Sir Clough Williams-Ellis in his ancestral village in West Wales (Go to: http://www.portmeirion-village.com/)

 

SNOWDON

the highest mountain in Wales (1113m); one can travel to the summit comfortably by Snowdon Mountain Railway from Llanberis

 

SWANSEA

the second largest town of Wales

 

THE TAFF

a river on which Cardiff is located

 

TINTERN ABBEY

the 14th century Cistercian abbey which was painted by Turner and immortalised by Wordsworth in his

famous poem

 

YNYS ENLLI

the ancient name of Bardsey Island where as  legends say the wizard Merlin is asleep

 




WELSH DEVOLUTION

 

DEVOLUTION

the delegation of authority to a regional government. It took place in Wales in September 1997.

 

THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY FOR WALES

established in 1998; it cannot pass its own legislation as Wales has the same legal and administrative

system as England but it is considered a democratic representation of the Welsh constituency

at Westminster (Source: www.wordiq.com/definition.National-Assembly-for-Wales).

See also: (Go to: http://www.wales.gov.uk/index.htm)

 

THE PLAID CYMRU

the Party of Wales (Go to: http://www.plaidcymru.org/)

 

 

PRINCE OF WALES

 

CAERNARFON

a county town in north-west Wales, a seat of a fortified Norman castle which became the place

of 1969 investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales

 

EDWARD II

the first English King to be invested as the Prince of Wales.

See: (Go to www.castlewales.com/edward.html )

 

 

INVESTITURE

the ceremonial act of clothing someone in the insignia of an office (e.g. of a prince).

Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/investiture)

 

PRINCE OF WALES

a hereditary title given exclusively to the eldest son of the Sovereign.

Read more at: (Go to http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page 391.asp)

 

 

FAMOUS WELSHMEN




BEVAN,  Aneurin (1897-1960)

the architect of the National Health Service.

To learn more, see: (Go to: www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0807379.html)

 

BRAENWYN, Frank (1867-1956)

the son of a Welsh architect, himself born in Belgium; a painter, illustrator, furniture and jewellery designer, Tiffany's co-worker.

Learn more from: (link www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk)

 

BURTON, Richard (1925-1984)

born Richard Walter Jenkins in a mining village in South Wales.

Became an actor famous for theatrical parts and film roles. Known also as a twice-married husband

of the Hollywood star, Elizabeth Taylor.

 

THE BUTE FAMILY

the 2nd Marquis of Bute (d.1848), a member of the Scottish family who changed Cardiff into a modern

and prosperous city by building the Bute Dock (1839) here.

his son, the 3rd Marquis, a scholar and a recluse, medievalist, with the help of architect Burges

transformed Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch (outside Cardiff) into neo-Gothic masterpieces

 

DAHL, Roald (1916-1990)

Welsh born world's favourite children's author of such books as „Charlie and the Chocolate Factory”,

 „James and the Giant Peach”, „The BFG”, „The Witches”, „Matilda”.

To learn more see: (Go to   www.roalddahl.com)

 

GLENDOWER, Owen

a national hero, leader of a rebellion against the English (1400), proclaimed himself Prince of Wales

 

HENRY VII

Welsh born King of England between 1485-1509; founder of the House of Tudors

 

HOPKINS, Anthony (b.1937)

Welsh born star of such films as „Silence of the Lambs”, „Howard's End”, „Dracula”, „The Remains of the Day”, „Nixon”, „Titus”, „The Human Stain” and many other. Won 1992 Oscar for Best Actor in „Silence of the Lambs”.

Go to: (Go to: www.planethopkins.co.uk

 

JOHN, Augustus (1878-1961)

Welsh born Britain's Leading portrait painter.

Learn more from (Go to: www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.ukHYPERLINK ""   and http://www.artcyclopedia.com/

 

JONES, Catherine-Zeta (b.1969)

a Welsh born actress known from such films as „The Mask of Zorro”, „America's Sweethearts” or more

 recently „Chicago” for which she was awarded Oscar as Best Supporting Actress

 

JONES, Tom (b.1940)

born Thomas Jones Woodward in Treforest, South Wales; known for such hits as „Green, Green Grass

of Home”, „Delilah”, „What's New Pussycat?”, or „Sex Bomb”.

 

KINNOCK, Neil Gordon (b.1942)

Welsh born British politician. Labour Party leader between 1983 and 1992. At present Chair of

the British Council

Learn more from: (Go to www.britannica.comHYPERLINK "http://www.britannica.com/"  and www.infoplease.com)

 

LLOYD-GEORGE, David (1863-1945)

British Liberal Prime Minister in the years 1916-1922

(link to: www.fact-index.com/d/da/david-lloyd-george.html)

 

KING ARTHUR

a legendary King believed to have lived in the late 5th century to early 6th century whose power base may have been in Wales

 
MERLIN

a wizard and King Arthur's counsellor (http://www.walesonline.com/info/hist/merlin.shtml)

 

THOMAS, Dylan (1914-1953)

a Swansea born best-known Welsh poet, the author of such poems as "Do Not Go Gently.." or "The Hand that Signed the Paper" and stories like" Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog"

 

WILLIAMS - ELLIS, Clough (1883-1984) 

designer of Portmeirion (see: Famous Places in Wales) whose aim was to prove that it was possible to

build a beautiful village without destroying the natural landscape

 




WALES AND LITERATURE

 

THE EISTEDDFODD

a festival of competitive music-making and poetry-writing in the Welsh language, held annually since 1861

 

LLELLEWYN AND HIS DOG GELLERT

the best known Welsh legend.

You can read it at ( Go to www.pitt.edu or www.sacred-texts.com/neu/celt)

 

THE MABINOGION

a collection of fantastic tales rooted in oral tradition and telling the stories of the Celtic gods

 

UNDER THE MILK WOOD

Dylan Thomas's great radio play; filmed in 1972

 

XENOPHOBE”S GUIDE TO THE WELSH

a book giving "an irreverent look at  the beliefs and foibles of the nation"

(from the blurb on the book's cover)

 

 

WALES IN FILM

 

AN ENGLISHMAN WHO WALKED UP A HILL BUT CAME DOWN A MOUNTAIN

a 1995 comedy starring Hugh Grant, filmed in North Wales, set in a village just outside Cardiff

 

HOUSE of AMERICA

a 1997 feature film set in Wales; seems to be a cult film in Wales.

See: (Go to: www.fictionfactoryfilms.com)

 

HUMAN TRAFFIC

a 1999 film set in Cardiff

 

UNDER MILK WOOD

a 1972 film based on Dylan Thomas's poetic classic, starring Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor and Peter O'Toole

 

 

WELSH ROCK MUSIC SCENE

 

CATATONIA

a popular music band from Wales which became well-known  in the mid 1990's.

 

MANIC STREET PREACHERS

a Welsh group which debuted in 1992

(link to: www.manics.co.uk and www.manics.online.com)

 

STEREOPHONICS

a Welsh rock band

 

ZABRINSKI

a popular Welsh band which debuted in 2001

 

 

WELSH SPORT

 

MILLENNIUM STADIUM

a stadium in Cardiff; a modern structure completed in 1999

 

RUGBY

the national sport of Wales

 

On sport consult: (Go to: www.walesonline.com/info/sport/rugby.shtml)

 

 

WELSH FOOD

 

BARA BRITH

spicy fruit loaf (Welsh)

 

CAWL CENNIN

leek broth.

See the recipe at: (Go to: www.hookerycookery.com/welsh01.htm)

 

LAVERBREAD

seaweed, cuisine ingredient; used for breakfast, frequently served in restaurants as a vegetarian dish.

Read more at: (Go to: www.laverbread.org)

 

 

WALES AND POLAND

 

DAVIES, Norman (b.1939) – an English historian of Welsh origin; author of numerous historic books

on the history of Poland, e.g.: God's Playground: A History of Poland (1989), Rising '44 (2004)

 

POLES IN WALES

Read at: (Go to: www.polishhouse.republika.pl/history-eng.html

www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/immig-emig/wales/w-ne/article-4.shtml)


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